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Sarah Vaughan


Vocalist, Pianist, Organist

(1924 - 1990)

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Sarah Vaughan was a natural talent whose extraordinary vocal range, which she navigated fluidly, allowed her to reach operatic highs and rich lows. She earned the nickname of “Divine One” for her superb musicianship and was known as “Sassy” to friends.

Vaughan was trained as a pianist/organist and sang in her church choir. At 18 she won the Apollo Theater’s famed amateur contest leading to a position as singer and second pianist in Earl Hines’ band which included vocalist Billy Eckstine. When Eckstine formed his bop-oriented band in 1944, he brought Sarah with him. Working with Dizzy Gillespie, Charlie Parker, Art Blakey and other early beboppers influenced her ability to improvise like an instrumentalist. She was the first to record Dizzy’s “Night in Tunisia,” known then as “Interlude” and taken at ballad tempo. The following year Vaughan caught the attention of the jazz world with “East of the Sun,” recorded with Gillespie, and “Lover Man” with Gillespie and Parker. Her first big hit was “Tenderly” in 1947.

Two songs closely associated with her, “After Hours” and “Street of Dreams,” were recorded in ‘51 and ’52. She signed with Mercury Records in 1954 which allowed her a dual career, recording popular material for the parent label and teaming with jazz heavyweights for its subsidiary, EmArcy. These sessions produced some of her finest work: In the Land of Hi-Fi with Cannonball Adderley and Sarah Vaughan with Clifford Brown.

A session with the Basie band in 1961 keenly displays her vocal acrobatics. Throughout the ’70s and ‘80s she continued to appear with noted jazz artists, recorded two albums of Brazilian music, and sang the poetry of Pope John Paul II. In 1982 she won a Grammy for Gershwin Live! and was honored with a Lifetime Achievement Grammy in 1989.

More can be found on Sarah Vaughan in the excellent biography Sassy: The Life of Sarah Vaughan by Leslie Gourse, De Capo Press.

- Sandra Burlingame


Interlude: 1944-1947

Sarah Vaughan



1944-1946

Sarah Vaughan



Sarah Vaughan W/ Clifford Brown

Sarah Vaughan and Clifford Brown



Count Basie/Sarah Vaughan

Count Basie, Sarah Vaughan



Gershwin Live!

Sarah Vaughan, Michael Tilson-Thomas



Columbia Years, 1949-1953

Sarah Vaughan



Compact Jazz: Sarah Vaughan

Sarah Vaughan



In the Land of Hi-Fi

Sarah Vaughan
Reading and Viewing

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Leslie Gourse

Sassy: The Life of Sarah Vaughan

Da Capo Press


Various

DownBeat - The Great Jazz Interviews (A 75th Anniversary Anthology) (Book)

Hal Leonard


Various

Down Beat: Sixty Years of Jazz

Hal Leonard Corporation


Count Basie, Sarah Vaughan, Tony Bennett, Joe Williams, George Benson

Count Basie at Carnegie Hall

White Star

DVD


Sarah Vaughan

Swing Era - Sarah Vaughan

DVD


Sarah Vaughan, Lena Horne, Billie Holiday, Bessie Smith, Dinah Washington

THE LADIES Sing The Blues

V.I.E.W. Video

DVD


Sarah Vaughan

Masters of American Music: Sarah Vaughan - The Divine One (1993)

VHS

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